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FM 31-22: U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Forces

Field manual 31-22 together with its classified supplement (FM 31-22A) provides information and guidance to commanders and staffs for the training and operational employment of units, teams, and individuals designated as U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Forces. It describes the organization, missions, and methods of employment of U.S. Army Special Action Forces (SAF), specially trained brigade-size backup forces, support units, and individuals who are deployed to advise, train and/or provide operational assistance to a host country's counterinsurgency forces. It explains the relationship of U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Forces to MAAG's/Missions and other elements of the U.S. Country Team engaged in supporting a host country's counterinsurgency effort.


  • 1972-10-02: Superseded by FM 31-23.
  • 1963-11-12: [pdf]